History Terms with
link or visual representation
Define the term in your own words.
Use the word in a sentence that shows understanding of the word's meaning.
Subcontinent

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Land that is big, but not as big as a continent.
India is a subcontinent, it is a big country.
Monsoon
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A strong wind that brings a lot of rain to Southern Asia in the summer.
A monsoon gives Southern Asia very fertile soil.
Plateau
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A flat area of land that is raised above land around it.
A big plateau is located in the center of India.
Glaciers
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A huge piece of ice that moves on a land area.
A long time ago glaciers formed the United States.
Hinduism
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India's first big religion.
Over time, Hinduism spread to Korea, Japan, and China.
Dharma
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One basic belief of Hinduism that stands for law, and duty.
The Hindus' belief in Dharma as something you had to do as a good person.
Brahman
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In Hinduism, supreme power, or divine force, that anything is a part of.
Brahman is like a god.
deity
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Figures that represent different qualities of Brahman.
The Hindu worship many different forms of Brahman which are dieties.
karma
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The belief of how a person lives affects the life after death.
Sometimes when people do something bad people say "watch out for karma!"
samsara
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The belief of a cycle that starts with birth, death, and rebirth.
Samsara reminds me of the Circle of Life.
Vedas
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Sacred Hindu writings.
Vedas are like the Bible.
Sanskrit
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The ancient language of India.
Using Sanskrit was how they communitcated. Like us when we speak English.
Brahman (ism)
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In the ancient Indian relgion when Brahmans (priests or scholars) are high in class.
Brahmans are very high in the social structre, they are religious people.
caste
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A class in Hindu society.
Their caste system is similar to the ancient Egypt system.
reincarnation
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A belief that when a person dies their soul will come back in another body.
I always thought that when you died you would become another person.
pilgrimage
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A journey to a very holy place.
Muslims go on a pilgrimage to Mecca once in their life.
Buddhism
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A religion started by Prince Siddhartha, or the Budda.
Buddhism is a very religious religon. It soon spread to different parts of Asia.
Buddha
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Prince Siddhartha who lived from 563 to 483 B.C.E. who begun Buddhism.
Prince Siddhartha became the Budda when he saw 3 forms of suffering.
Prince Siddhartha
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A man who lived in a palace and then became a Budda.
He ruled India for a long time until he saw 3 forms of suffering.
ascetic
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A person who gives up all desires so they wouldn't suffer.
The Budda started off as an ascetic then became the Budda.
alms
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Goods that are given to the poor.
Beggars always ask for alms.
Enlightenment
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When you meditate for a while, then you see a vision. After you become enlighted.
Prince Siddhartha was enlighted before he became a Budda.
Nirvana
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A state of happiness and peace.
My Nirvana is a private vacation in the Carribean.
Unification
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To combine to make a whole.
After the civil war, the South and North unified.
Mauryan Empire
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An empire that had power from 377 to 187 B.C.E.
The empire was very powerful and conqered many places. King Ashoka lead the empire.
edicts
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A command that is obyeyed.
The edicts are like the 10 Commandments.
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