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Subcontinent
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Smaller than a continent but of great size, a landmass.
India is a large subcontinent.
Monsoon
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Plateau
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Glaciers
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Hinduism
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The first major religion of India.
Hinduism is a main religon in India
Dharma
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One of Hinduisms basic beliefs that stands for law, obligation, and duty.
People are suposed to follow there Dharma to be in harmony.
Brahman
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Supreme force, he creates destriys and recreates the universe.
Brahman has many powers repersented by Deities
deity
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Forms that represent various qualities of Brahman in Hinduism.
Deities are different faces of Brahman, each represented a power or quality of him.
karma
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The belief in Hinduism that how a person lives their life will affect thir next life.
If you have a good Karma you will be reborn into a higher class, if you have a bad Karma you will be reborn into a lower class.
samsara
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The contionus cycle of birth, death and rebirth.
You want to have a good karma to escape Samsara.
Vedas
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A collection of the sacred writings of Hindu.
Many activites involve Vedas. An example is a fire sacrifice.
Sanskrit
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Indias' sacred language.
The Vedas is written in Sanskirt.
Brahman (ism)
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An ancient Indian religon in which the (Priests and Religous Scholars) Brahmins are the dominant class.
Brahmans are the highest in the caste system.
caste
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A class or a group in Hindu society
The Caste system in India is very strict.
reincarnation
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A belief in Hinduism that a peson's soul is reborn into a new body after death.
Many Hindus belive in Reincarnation and hope to be born into a higher class.
pilgrimage
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A journey to a place that is holy.
Hindus still make Pilgrimages today.
Buddhism
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A religon of India begun by Prince Siddhartha or the Buddah.
People who study Buddhism belive in nonviolence.
Buddha
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A man originally named Siddhatha Gautama who lived in India from about 563 to 483 B.C.E. and began the religion of Buddhism.
The Buddha founded the Four Noble Truthes.
Prince Siddhartha
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The Buddah, he began the religon of Buddhism.
Prince Siddhartha had the choice of becoming the Buddha or ruling the universe.
ascetic
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A person who gives up pleasures and possesions.
Prince Siddhartha or the Buddha was an Ascetic.
alms
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Food and goods given to the poor.
Prince Siddhartha or the Buddha carried a bowl for Alms.
Enlightenment
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An answer to a question.
Prince Siddhartha or the Buddha reached Enlightenment under the Bodhi tree.
Nirvana
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Happiness and peace- the ideal state.
The Buddha learned how to reach Nirvana.
Unification
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To make a whole, one.
The Unification of India resulted in the rule of Chandragupta Maurya.
Mauryan Empire
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An empire in India from around 322 to 187 B.C.E that flourised.
The Mauryan Empire was created by Chandragupta Maurya.
edicts
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A command like a law that is obeyed like a law.
Ashoka created the four Edicts.
monk
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