History Terms with
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Subcontinent


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A large area of land that is part of a continent, but large enough to be it's own.
A large, relatively self-contained landmass forming a subdivision of a continent.
Monsoon
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Winds from the Indian Ocean that blow on India that only occur once a year or season.
The seasonal wind of the Indian Ocean and Southern Asia, blowing from the southwest in summer and northeast in winter.


Plateau
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Raised land but flat with a canyon in the middle.
A land area having a relatively level surface considerably raised above adjoining land on at least one side, and often cut by deep canyons.
Glaciers
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A big area of ice from mountains that are very tall.
An extended mass of ice formed from snow falling and accumulating over the years and moving very slowly,either descending from high mountains, as in valleys, glaciers ,or moving outward from centers of accumulation,as in continent glaciers.
Hinduism
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The religion from India created by a man named Prince Siddartha, who became the Buhdda, or the Enlightened One.
The common religion from India, based upon the original Aryan as expounded and evolved in the Vedas.
Dharma
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Living up to someone's religion as it is.
Conformity to religious law, custom, duty, or one's own quality or character.
Brahman
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A religious leader or priest in the religion of Hinduism.
Members of the highest, or priestly, class among the Hindus.
deity
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A god of religions that beleive in many gods.
A God or Godess.
karma
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A rule in Hinduism that says if you have a bad influence in your first life you will be punished by becoming some terrible animal in your second life.
The cosmic principle according to which each person is rewarded or punished in one incarnation according to that person's deeds in the previous incarnation.
samsara
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Your birth in your first life on earth.
The process of coming into existence as a differentiated, mortal creature.
Vedas
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The sacred text of Hinduism.
The entire body of Hindu sacred writings, chief among which are four books.
Sanskrit
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A languge created by the people of India.
An Indo-European, Indic language, in use since c1200 b.c. as the religous and classical literary language of India.
Brahman (ism)
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The religious system of Indian Hindus.
The religious and social system of the Brahmans and Orthodox Hindus, characterized by the Caste System and diversified pantheism.
caste
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The social system of India that goes Priests, Rulers/Soilders, Merchants/Teachers, servants, then finally Untouchables.
The rigid Hindu system of hereditary social distinctions based on castes.
reincarnation
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The Hindu belief that when you die you come back as something different depending on how you lived in your first life.
The belief that the soul, upon death of the body, comes back in another form or body.
pilgrimage
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A long journey to a certain area, ussualy for a religious reason.
A journey, especially a long one, made to some sacred place as an act of religious devotion.
Buddhism
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The religion created by Buddha in India.
A religion originated in India by Buddha.
Buddha
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The teacher or lead priest, there was also a man named Buddha who invented the religion Buddhism.
An Indian religious leader, or founder of Buddhism.
Prince Siddhartha
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The man who invented Buddhism and he was born walking and talking. He was eventually named Buddha, or the enlightened one.
The man who was born into a royal family and he was the originator of Buddhism.
ascetic
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Men who believe that if you give up everything that you have, you will have deep happiness.
A person who dedicates his or her own life to a pursuit of contemplative ideals or practices extreme self-denial for religious reasons.
alms
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A donation that a man comes up to a poor person usually carrying a bowl and the wealthy man gives food, or money.
Donations given to the poor or needy.
Enlightenment
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The time when somebody gains the power of being aware of their religion, or be enlightened about their religion.
To gain spiritual light.
Nirvana
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The reaching of perfect calmness and happiness.
Salvation through the union of Atman and Brahma.
Unification
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The joining together of two different cultures as friends.
The process of unifying or uniting.
Mauryan Empire
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The Empire started by the Mauryan dynasty in India, they almost controlled all of India in their conquest.
The Mauryan Empire was a geographically extensive Iron Age historical power in Ancient India ruled by the Mauryan Dynasty from 321 to 185 B.C.
edicts
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The Four Laws that Ashoka wanted his people to follow.
A decree issued by a sovereign, or other authority.
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